LOS ANGELES - The Los Angeles City Council Tuesday approved a ban on homeless encampments within 500 feet of schools and daycare centers in public places on an 11-3 vote, following protests that forced a recess for the second straight time this item has come before the council. This was the council's third and final vote on the measure.
The council voted 11-3 in favor of the measure on the third and final time that it came up for a vote, with Council Members Mike Bonin, Marqueece Harris-Dawson and Nithya Raman dissenting.
As they did last week, opponents interrupted the meeting with chants and shouts in the council chamber.
But on Tuesday, during public comment, a woman attempted to climb over the barrier separating the council from members of the public. While police attempted to take the woman into custody, a man tried to prevent officers from arresting her -- he was in turn arrested on suspicion of vandalism and resisting arrest. The woman was not taken into custody, according to Capt. Elaine Morales of the Los Angeles Police Department, who added that she was pulled away from police by other protesters.
Three officers, including a sergeant, suffered minor injuries, Morales said.
Council President Nury Martinez then called for a 20-minute recess. Police with riot gear circled the chamber while protesters chanted and made speeches until police issued a dispersal order. The council finished the meeting with only members of the media present.
"Jumping over a barrier and putting other peoples' lives at risk, that cannot be the norm around here," Martinez said. "We cannot legislate in fear. I certainly will not do that. But we cannot tolerate this kind of behavior and continue to disregard decorum here in our council chambers and our safety."
The new amendment is a blanket ban on encampments within 500 feet of all schools.
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Councilman Joe Buscaino originally proposed the idea last year, and it failed to gain traction. But the issue was revived earlier this year, in part at the urging of Los Angeles Unified School District Superintendent Alberto Carvalho, who said teachers, principals and parents have expressed concerns about homeless encampments near campuses.
"Our students are already traumatized with socio-economic issues," Buscaino said. "They should not be exposed to sex acts. They should not be exposed to open drug use. They should not be exposed to psychotic behavior that is taking place right next to our school yards."
Council members sought to distinguish between the purpose of the ordinance and the overarching goal of solving the city's homelessness crisis. They argued that the expansion of the 41.18 ordinance was simply a measure to protect the safety of students -- and nothing more.
"To have such energy wasted, organizing people to come here to raise this question -- yet to be so far off point is amazing," Councilman Gil Cedillo said. "It's something to witness, to see such energy misguided, misdirected, a lack of strategy and tactics. What this provision is about is about parents and children."
Opponents of the ordinance claim that some smaller schools and daycares out of the thousands in Los Angeles may not look like a building to which the encampment ban perimeter applies to, especially if people set up a block away or around the corner.
"It allows opportunistic politicians to push their unhoused constituents from block-to-block, district-to-district, while providing no shelter, no housing and no services," said Ashley Bennett, co-founder of Ground Game LA, in a speech outside City Hall before the meeting.
Bonin, the only council member to vote against the measure all three times, said it will make the homelessness crisis worse.
"This is going to disconnect people from services," he said. "This is going to channel our time and money and energy into moving people around, instead of moving people inside. It is actually harmful."
Bonin added that the council hasn't done any studies of the impact of the ordinance's expansion, nor did it highlight specific locations and addresses where the encampment ban would be in effect. He also claimed that the vote would make the city more vulnerable to lawsuits.
Data from Kenneth Mejia, a candidate for city controller, found -- based on his own mapping -- that the council would effectively be banning encampments on 20% of the city's sidewalks and 48% of the entirety of District 1.
Councilman Mitch O'Farrell accused Bonin of making "cynical and misleading" comments.
"If you know your district, you know exactly where all the daycare centers and where all the schools are, private and public," O'Farrell said.
Bonin shouted back at O'Farrell to show him a map.
O'Farrell responded: "We don't need a map. We know where ours are. And you should as well."
People who violate the ordinance face an infraction or citation, but "a person who willfully resists, delays or obstructs a city employee from enforcing this section or who willfully refuses to comply after being requested to do so by an authorized city employee" can face higher fines and a misdemeanor charge, according to the ordinance.
Martinez told City News Service that a "very small minority of folks" continue to disrupt meetings on the 41.18 ordinance, and that parents and other stakeholders who support the expansion didn't show up to the meeting because they are at work and might be scared of speaking up.
"Did you see this crowd?" Martinez said. "Would anybody in their right mind come here and voice their opinion? Especially if you're a mom, who doesn't speak the language, who doesn't understand how city council works? It's petrifying. It's like asking my mom to come down here, without even understanding how this place works. It's not fair.
"There are folks who grew up with the privilege of understanding or having the ability to be exposed to government. Not all of our residents have that kind of background."
De León added that he didn't see any unhoused residents in the audience, hinting that those disrupting the meeting Tuesday weren't truly the stakeholders impacted by the ordinance.
"It's easy to go on and take advantage of other people's misery and speak for them, on their behalf," he said to CNS.
About 90 minutes before the meeting, Sabrina Johnson sat outside the chamber with a red marker, writing signs that read "House Keys Not Handcuffs" and "41.18 Sucks."
Johnson, who works at a retail store and spent her day off at City Hall to protest, said she would "rather be anywhere else but here, honestly." But "guilt" brought her downtown, she said.
Johnson was concerned about how few places exist in the denser parts of Los Angeles where there isn't a school or a daycare nearby.
"How are people supposed to exist anywhere in a city, especially if you're making them guess?" Johnson told CNS. "You're making them guess, first of all. Where is there a daycare? Where is there a school? Where can I not be?"