California voters were asked to consider seven ballot propositions in November, which is the fewest amount of ballot measures the state has had in more than a century. They range from a woman's right to have an abortion to gambling and education to healthcare.
Proposition 1 centers around whether to preserve reproductive health care as a constitutional right in California. It passed Tuesday night winning 68% of the vote. Its passage will change the state constitution to explicitly prohibit interference with an individual's choice on reproductive health and guarantee the right to abortion and contraception within the state.
Proposition 26 would have allowed in-person roulette, dice games and sports betting on California's tribal lands. Under Prop. 26, federally recognized Native American tribes would run these on-site gambling activities.
In addition to running these on-site gambling events and activities, under Prop. 26, sports betting would be allowed at certain licensed horseracing tracks in four California counties for those 21 and older – and would impose a 10% tax on sports-wagering profits from these tracks. It would also have outlaw marketing of sports betting to people 21 and under.
Proposition 27 would have allowed online and mobile sports betting outside California's tribal lands. If it had passed, Californians 21 and older would have been able to make sports bets online and/or on mobile apps.
Neither of the propositions dealing with sports betting passed Tuesday night, 70% of voters voted against Prop. 26, while nearly 85% of California voters struck down Prop. 27.
Proposition 28 provides additional funding for arts and music education in all K-12 public and charter schools by annually allocating from the state’s General Fund an amount equal to 1% of required state and local funding for public schools. Three quarters of California voters voted to pass Prop. 28.
Proposition 29 would require a physician, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant with six months of relevant experience to be on-site during treatment at outpatient kidney dialysis clinics. It also required clinics to disclose to patients all physicians with clinic ownership interests of 5% of more; required clinics to report dialysis-related infection data to the state; prohibited clinics from closing or reducing services without state approval and prohibits clinics from refusing to treat patients based on the source of payment. Prop. 29 failed to pass, with only 31% of California voters in favor of the proposal.
The ride-share company Lyft funded the campaign for Proposition 30 in a battle against Governor Gavin Newsom over who should pay for the transition to electric vehicles. State regulators ordered companies like Lyft to make sure nearly all of their rides are in electric vehicles by 2030. Newsom says that Prop. 30 is Lyft’s attempt to make taxpayers pay for that. The measure would have provided funding for programs to reduce air pollution and prevent wildfires, but failed to pass after 57% of voters voted "No."
California's Proposition 31 would ban the sale of flavored tobacco products. Under the measure, in-person stores and vending machines would be prohibited from selling flavored tobacco products and tobacco product flavor enhancers. Prop 31 does not ban hookah tobacco sold and used at the store, certain cigars, or loose-leaf tobacco. Stores and vending machine owners would be fined a $250 penalty for each violation of the above requirements. Prop 31 passed with 76% of voters in favor of the ban. The ban will go into effect on the fifth calendar day after election results are certified on December 16, meaning flavored tobacco products will be off the shelves before Christmas on Dec. 21, 2022.