ORANGE COUNTY, Calif. - The company that operates an underwater oil pipeline that ruptured last year, spilling 25,000 gallons of crude oil into the ocean off Huntington Beach -- forcing a closure of beaches and fisheries -- pleaded guilty Thursday along with two of its subsidiaries to violating the federal Clean Water Act.
In a plea agreement with federal prosecutors, Amplify Energy Corp. and its subsidiaries Beta Operating Co. and San Pedro Bay Pipeline Co. pleaded guilty to a misdemeanor count of negligently discharging oil into San Pedro Bay.
U.S. District Judge David O. Carter sentenced the company to pay a $7.1 million fine and $5.8 million to reimburse the Coast Guard for expenses from the October 2021 spill.
In addition to the fines and fees, the companies would also spend four years on probation and would be required to make a series of operational changes, including improved training, installation of a new leak-detection system and meeting notification requirements, according to the U.S. Attorney's Office.
"The substantial financial penalties and compliance measures required by the plea agreements demonstrate the federal government's resolve to punish any entity that causes environmental damage," Acting U.S. Attorney Stephanie S. Christensen said in a statement last month announcing the plea deal. "This oil spill affected numerous people, businesses and organizations who use the Southern California coastal waters. The companies involved are now accepting their responsibility for criminal conduct and are required to make significant improvements that will help prevent future oil spills."
HUNTINGTON BEACH, CALIFORNIA - OCTOBER 03: Cleanup workers attempt to contain oil which seeped into Talbert Marsh, which is home to around 90 bird species, after a 126,000-gallon oil spill from an offshore oil platform on October 3, 2021 in Huntingto
In a statement, Amplify President/CEO Martyn Willsher said the company has ensured from the start that it was "working cooperatively with the various agencies investigating this incident."
"We believe this resolution, which is subject to court review and approval, reflects the commitments we made immediately following the incident to impacted parties and is in the best interest of Amplify and its stakeholders," he said. "We are committed to safely operating in a way that ensures the protection of the environment and the surrounding communities."
During Thursday's federal court hearing, attorneys involved in a class action lawsuit said they were nearing a settlement agreement which could be ready by next month. Irked by a failure of representatives from the Army Corps of Engineers and the state Fisheries Department to show for the hearing to give a progress update in raising the crooked pipeline from the ocean floor, Carter blamed them for holding up the settlements.
Carter said he wanted the federal officials to provide an update at an Oct. 3 hearing.
"The federal government is holding up the progress of this case," Carter said.
Attorneys say they need the pipeline to inspect it for evidence in the expected upcoming trials of the companies involved with the two ships that allegedly struck the pipeline, damaging it.
"It's been a year to get this pipeline off the ocean floor," Carter said.
Also last month, Amplify Energy announced it had reached a settlement of a lawsuit filed against it by fisheries, property owners and other businesses impacted by the spill. Terms of the settlement were not divulged, but Amplify insisted in a statement it will "resolve all civil claims" against the company and its subsidiaries.
"We are pleased to have reached an agreement in principle regarding the civil litigation resulting from the Southern California Pipeline Incident last October," Willsher said in a statement announcing that settlement. "Although we are unable to provide additional detail at this time, we negotiated in good faith and believe we have come to a reasonable and fair resolution. We will continue to vigorously pursue our substantial claims for damages against the ships that struck our pipeline, and the Marine Exchange of Southern California that failed to notify us of the anchor strikes."
The settlement reached with businesses and property owners will be covered by Amplify's insurers, according to the company.
Orange County District Attorney Todd Spitzer and Attorney General Rob Bonta filed a misdemeanor criminal complaint against Amplify Energy on Wednesday. The complaint alleges one count of failing to immediately report a discharge of oil in waters of the state, water pollution, two counts of unlawful taking of a fully protected bird and a count of unlawful taking of a migratory non-game bird. The birds listed in the complaint are a brown pelican and Brandt's Cormorant.
Amplify is expected to plead no contest on that case on Friday and pay a $4.9 million fine to the state and county.
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"This resolution with the State of California, which follows Amplify's plea agreement with the U.S. Attorney's Office, further reflects the commitments we made immediately following the incident to the communities and environment impacted by the release," Willsher said in a statement. "We worked diligently to support the successful clean-up and remediation efforts, including deploying upwards of 1,800 oil spill response contractors, have paid covered claims as expeditiously as possible, and continue to work cooperatively with the various state and federal agencies investigating these matters. Amplify Energy remains committed to safely operating in a way that ensures the protection of the environment and the surrounding communities."
In July, Orange County accepted nearly $1 million to settle its portion of litigation with Amplify over the oil spill, covering emergency response and cleanup efforts.
Amplify filed a lawsuit of its own in February against a pair of shipping companies that operated vessels believed to have struck and dragged the pipeline with their anchors.
The pipeline, which is used to carry crude oil from several offshore drilling platforms to a processing plant in Long Beach, began leaking the afternoon of Oct. 1, 2021, but the companies continued pumping oil through the line until the following morning, authorities said last year.
All told, about 25,000 gallons of oil seeped into the ocean from the ruptured 16-inch pipeline, which is submerged about 4.7 miles west of Huntington Beach.
The spill occurred in federal waters at the Elly oil-rig platform, which was built to process crude oil from two other platforms, which draw from a large reservoir called Beta Field. Elly is one of three platforms operated by Beta Operating Co., which is owned by Amplify Energy and also operates Ellen and Eureka nearby. Elly processes oil production from Ellen and Eureka and is fed by some 70 oil wells. The processing platform separates oil from water.
The leak forced the cancellation of the popular Huntington Beach Airshow, which was underway when the spill was detected. Beaches were closed up and down the Orange County coast as crews worked to contain the crude oil.
Federal investigators have said the pipeline appeared to have been damaged by a ship's anchor, likely belonging to one of dozens of cargo ships that were backlogged over a period of months outside the Los Angeles-Long Beach port complex.
More than a dozen companies doing business in the region sued Amplify Energy Corp. for damages resulting from the spill.
Fishing resumed in late November along the Orange County coast, following a two-month shutdown of fisheries due to the spill. The fishing ban encircled 650 square miles of marine waters and about 45 miles of shoreline, including all bays and harbors from Seal Beach to San Onofre State Beach, officials said.