LOS ANGELES, Calif. (FOX 11) - No deal was reached Wednesday between the Los Angeles Unified School District and United Teachers Union to avoid a strike, raising the likelihood of a full walkout on Monday.
United Teachers Los Angeles earlier Wednesday moved its pending strike from Thursday to Monday in response to the district challenging that date in court, contending it was not given official 10-day notice, as state law requires, although the legal issue is still playing out in Los Angeles Superior Court.
Union and district leaders met at LAUSD headquarters for about five hours on Wednesday but came out from the negotiations still far apart on a number of key issues.
UTLA President Alex Caputo-Pearl said he "did not see seriousness" from the district, and criticized LAUSD Superintendent Austin Beutner for not being present during the negotiations.
Beutner and school board President Monica Garcia were in Sacramento on Wednesday to meet with state leaders to seek more revenue for the district, according to a district official.
"We are working hard to avert a strike," Beutner said in a statement. "We are building support at the state level to find more resources to help our students and better support all who work in our schools."
Caputo-Pearl said another round of talks was scheduled for Friday morning at 9 a.m.
The sides remain at odds over the size of a proposed raise, along with how much money should be spent to add support staff, reduce class sizes and other issues
United Teachers Los Angeles previously said its 35,000 members would walk off the job Thursday for the first time in 30 years if a deal wasn't reached on higher pay and smaller class sizes. But a judge was considering Wednesday whether the union gave legally proper notice of a strike and could have ordered teachers to wait.
Union officials said they believe they would have prevailed in court but decided to postpone to avoid confusion and give teachers, parents and others time to prepare.
The Los Angeles Unified School District didn't immediately comment. It has said the union's demands could bankrupt the school system, which is projecting a half-billion-dollar deficit this budget year and has billions obligated for pension payments and health coverage for retired teachers.
Negotiations are continuing, but little progress is evident in the contract dispute that follows teacher walkouts in other states that emboldened organized labor after a critical defeat at the U.S. Supreme Court.
Teachers are hoping to build on the "Red4Ed" movement that began last year in West Virginia, where a strike resulted in a raise. It moved to Oklahoma, Kentucky, Arizona, Colorado and Washington state, spreading from conservative states with "right to work" laws that limit the ability to strike to the more liberal West Coast with strong unions.
"What you're seeing with unions is real enthusiasm and a belief that you can actually be successful," said Robert Bruno, a professor of labor and employment relations at the University of Illinois. "The educational sector is rife with deep grievance and frustration, but there's now a sense that you can actually win."
Actions elsewhere emboldened Los Angeles teachers, Caputo-Pearl said.
"Each state is different, but the commonality across all states is teachers, and parents are sick of schools not being invested in," he said.
But unlike other states, schools will stay open if a strike happens. The district has hired hundreds of substitutes to replace teachers and others who leave for picket lines. The union said it's "irresponsible" to hire substitutes and called on parents to consider keeping students home or join marchers if a strike goes forward.
It comes as unions are stinging from a Supreme Court ruling last year that said government workers can't be required to join unions and pay dues.
Larry Sand, a retired Los Angeles and New York City teacher who heads the California Teachers Empowerment Network, said he believes the Los Angeles union sees its showdown with the district as a public "sales pitch" for organized labor now that teachers have a choice about joining.
Sand, whose organization describes itself as a nonpartisan information source for teachers and the public, said overly generous benefits for teachers in the past have overburdened the district.
Teachers earn between $44,000 and $86,000 a year depending on their education and experience, according to the Los Angeles County Office of Education. The district says the average teacher salary is $75,000, which reflects the older, more experienced workforce.
The district has offered a 6 percent raise over the first two years of a three-year contract. The union wants a 6.5 percent hike at the start of a two-year contract. Health carefully paid by the district and a pension plan would be unchanged under both proposals.
The union also wants significantly smaller class sizes, which routinely top 30 students, and more nurses, librarians and counselors to "fully staff" the district's campuses in Los Angeles and all or parts of 31 smaller cities, plus several unincorporated areas.
The union argues that the district is hoarding reserves of $1.8 billion that could be used to fund the pay and staffing hikes. The district said that money is needed to cover retiree benefits and other expenses.
The superintendent, an investment banker and former Los Angeles deputy mayor without experience in education, has become a lightning rod in negotiations.
The union says Beutner and school board members who voted him in are trying to privatize the district, encouraging school closures and flipping public schools into charters - privately operated public schools that compete for students and the funds they bring in.
Beutner, who attended public school, has said his plan to reorganize the district would improve services to students and families. He and his supporters on the board envision an education system with a "portfolio approach" - public and charter schools under the same leadership.
Sand of the California Teachers Empowerment Network said Beutner is "the right man for the job" because his business background gives him an understanding that "there's a bottom line that has to be acknowledged."
Both sides say they don't want a strike, but John Rogers, a professor of education at the University of California, Los Angeles, said one seems inevitable.
"I would be surprised if a strike doesn't come about, because I think each side has a real interest in demonstrating the dominance of their positions," Rogers said.
UTLA also announced a separate strike at three charter schools is also in the works. The union represents teachers at three South Los Angeles charter schools operated by The Accelerated School, and said the strike would be the first at a charter school in the district.
The strike is set to begin on Tuesday after UTLA and the schools' management have failed to reach a contract agreement after 20 months of negotiating, UTLA said.
Leaders at The Accelerated School could not immediately be reached for comment.
The Associated Press and CNS contributed to this report.